Dental Pathology Understanding Common Oral Health Disorders

Janshon Daniel

Dental pathology encompasses a wide range of oral health disorders that affect the teeth, gums, and surrounding oral tissues. This article provides an overview of common dental pathologies, their causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Dental caries, or tooth decay, is a prevalent condition caused by bacterial activity and poor oral hygiene. Periodontal disease, characterized by gum infections and bone loss, can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Oral cancer poses a significant threat to oral health, with symptoms including ulcers, patches, and difficulty swallowing. Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) affect the jaw joint and muscles, causing pain and limited movement. Tooth erosion, resulting from acid exposure, leads to tooth sensitivity and discoloration. Regular dental check-ups, good oral hygiene practices, and early detection are essential for prevention and timely treatment of these conditions, ensuring optimal oral health and overall well-being.