A systematic evaluation of the risk factors for postpartum urine retention following vaginal birth

William Gilbert

Objectives The review’s objectives were to investigate the individual risk factors for postpartum urine retention (PUR) following a vaginal delivery. Methods Relevant studies were obtained from eleven databases using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol. Using the Appraisal Tool for Cross-Sectional Studies or the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tools, the included articles’ calibre was evaluated. Conclusion According to this comprehensive research, episiotomy, epidural analgesia, instrumental delivery, primiparity, and a prolonged second stage of labour were identified as independent risk factors for PUR. Healthcare professionals might pay more attention to women who have these variables in clinical settings and prevent postpartum urine retention